Today, it is very difficult to prepare a dish exactly as it was prepared in ancient times. We do not have the right utensils or the many different spices that were used by the ancient chefs to bind together the sweet, bitter and sour tastes. There is also the problem of not having the exact instructions to fix the recipes. Most of the cooking guides from ancient times have been lost but we do know that they did not give exact details. They were mostly guides that gave lists of types of ingredients and spices to use to spark the imagination of the trained chef, who, of course, added his own personal touch to each meal depending on the occasion. In the last few centuries many people, including chefs, philologists, archeologists, botanists, have become interested in the art of ancient Greek cooking, starting from pre-historic times and the Greek years. By continually testing, modifying and improving, they have managed to give us some recipes that have turned the tide back toward the first flavors used. They are good recipes that are tasty and enjoyable. For us Greeks, as we will see further down, the continuing thread of flavors doesn't seem to have been cut. In forgotten corners of our country one is pleasantly surprised by food that is clearly prepared as it was in centuries past.
Try the recipes below and let yourself go back the ancient culture of the Greeks. And if some people think there is too much emphasis on the "what" of classical antiquity and that it is a small and unimportant thing, let us get our answer from the philosopher of life Epicurus: "Origin and roots, all kinds of riches and the pot a delight".
Recipes By Orestis Davias (Taste magazine) and by Andrew Dalby and Sally Grainger (The Classical Cookbook)
1. Ancient Greek Mullet
3. Bean soup
4. Fruit salad
5. Sweet meat with honey
6. Ancient honey and sesame fritters
It is amazing how little this recipe has changed 1800 years after. The Roman Physician Galinos (129 - 99 ac) describes in his book this sweet with many details.
7. Ancient Greek Pulp (Kikeon)
Kikeon is something between food and drink. The word "kikeon" (κυκεών) comes from the verb "kikan" (κυκάν), which means thickening by continuously stirring. The recipe that is given best resembles the ancient version of "Kikeon".
8. Ancient Greek Shrimps in a glace of honey
9. Ancient Greek Gilt - head bream with cheese and oil
10. Ancient Greek Fish with coriander